Henrik Tunfors Chair IMO MASS Working Group SWEDEN
The presentation will focus on the regulatory scoping exercise currently carried out by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), in particular the working group on Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS), in order to identify gaps and problematic areas to address in order to make possible, in the future, the operation and certification of autonomous ships for use in international trade. What decisions lead up to the IMO getting engaged in such a huge task – encompassing 20+ international conventions and an even larger number of international codes? What limitations have been applied, what definitions have been developed to guide the work, will the human element be taken into account? These and a number of other issues will be in the spotlight during the presentation.
US Maritime Administration’s work on autonomous ships
Richard Balzano Deputy administrator US Department of Transportation, Marine Administration USA
The shipowner’s perspective on autonomous ship operations
Stephen Brown Innovation manager Shell Trading UK
This presentation will offer attendees an insight into how a major shipowner and operator views developments towards autonomous shipping and the operational challenges and opportunities which arise from them.
The role of port authorities in the development of autonomous ships
Jan Egbertsen Manager innovation Port of Amsterdam NETHERLANDS
In the technological development of autonomous ships, very often the focus is on the ship itself and the connection ship to ship. But when entering a seaport, new challenges arise. How to organize the interaction between ship and port authority, ship and port entrance, and ship and quayside? A smart or autonomous ship requires a smart or autonomous port. Neither of them exists at the moment. Development of smart ships and smart ports should be a joined and parallel effort.
Latest results in evidence-driven evolution toward autonomous shipping
Dr Kalevi Tervo Global program manager ABB Marine & Ports FINLAND
ABB continues to demonstrate progress toward autonomous shipping by an evidence-driven evolution approach with its new product family called ABB Ability Marine Pilot. Each individual product within the Marine Pilot family offers a solution to a specific issue within the autonomous operation of ships. In 2017 ABB launched the Pilot Vision situational awareness tool; in 2018 it launched the Pilot Control intelligent ship operations platform, followed by a live demonstration of application of the platform for remote control on existing tonnage. This presentation introduces latest development results, cases and next steps in the journey toward an electric, digital and connected future of shipping.
A set of guidelines towards autonomous shipping
Najmeh Masoudi Smartships technology leader Bureau Veritas Marine and Offshore FRANCE
Autonomous ships need to achieve a safety level equivalent to conventional ships. This is hard to define, because much of what the industry defines as 'safe' is built on historic knowledge and lessons learned from accidents. At a basic level, autonomous ships must comply with relevant regulations. Operational risks for autonomous ships are generally similar to conventional ships, but with risk transferred from crew to sensors and cyber-physical systems. The question is how to measure those risks and mitigate them.
Low-power, long-endurance autonomy
Henry Robinson Managing director Dynautics UK
Wave-propelled boats are being used for ocean science, environmental monitoring and security applications. This paper looks at how we have addressed the challenge of designing and operating small boats for weeks on end with minimal power. It gives an overview of what we have achieved in the fields of navigation, boat control and communications.
An additional presentation will be confirmed shortly
Tuesday 25 June
Collision Avoidance 14:00 - 17:30
Situational awareness in maritime collision avoidance
Dr Edmund Brekke Associate professor NTNU NORWAY
This talk presents experimental and simulation results on collision avoidance for autonomous ships from the Autosea project (www.ntnu.edu/autosea). This includes experiments conducted both in Trondheimsfjorden, Norway and outside Den Helder, Netherlands. The methods used include a combination of model-predictive control (MPC) and multi-target tracking based on probabilistic data association. The talk will highlight important principles for situational awareness, such as transparency and proaction, and discuss how the aforementioned methods support these principles. The talk will also cover the potential of data-driven long-term prediction techniques for proactive collision avoidance, and the design of situational awareness systems for autonomous passenger ferries.
Obstacle avoidance system advances using sensor and situation avoidance data
Aditya Nawab CEO Robosys Autonomous Unmanned Systems Ltd UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Advances in sensor technology together with developments in data gathering provide an ever-increasing improvement in situation awareness. The ability to fuse all navigational hazard data into a single point cloud forms the basis from which an obstacle avoidance system may plot a safe series of tracks.
Unmanned boats: from lab to sea
Dr Stephanie Kemna Software engineer/project manager Maritime Robotics AS NORWAY
Most unmanned boats cannot yet work with high levels of autonomy. To operate in high ship traffic areas, there are many challenges to be addressed. In this talk we highlight results from research projects on collision avoidance and safe multi-robot operations. We look into how we can smartly deploy systems for surveys, discuss current capabilities and where we need more R&D effort in coming years. This presentation shows leading-edge technology development, provides perspectives on desired levels of autonomy, and considers how to introduce systems into the market with support from certification and legislation agencies.
COLREGs-based intelligent collision avoidance framework for autonomous ships
Lokukaluge Prasad Perera Associate professor UiT The Arctic University of Norway NORWAY
Ship collision avoidance in a mixed environment, where future remote-controlled, autonomous and manned vessels are interacting, has been an important topic for the shipping industry. Ship collision avoidance actions are regulated by COLREGs in open sea areas and additional local navigation rules and regulations, especially in confined waters and maritime traffic lanes. The respective collision avoidance actions will be executed by humans as well as systems in future vessels. Therefore, system intelligence should be on board to overcome possible collision or near-miss situations. This presentation focuses on developing intelligent collision avoidance systems based on COLREGs for future autonomous vessels.
The challenges ahead: creating AI for ships
Dor Raviv CTO and co-founder Orca AI ISRAEL
With the maritime industry increasingly turning to new technologies that claim to have the potential to solve the challenges facing ships and crews, new obstacles have arisen. Tasked with creating 'smarter navigation', the industry must first find ways to collect higher-quality data, train AI, and develop systems, computer vision, sensors and algorithms designed for open water as well as crowded waterways. Dor Raviv, CTO of Orca AI, a company using AI to prevent maritime collisions, will speak about what can be done to solve them and how the industry must go about accomplishing its goals.
Digital-twin-based autonomous systems
Dr Peter Staelens CTO dotOcean NV BELGIUM
The new-generation autonomous systems have digital twins. The digital twin is a uniform fundamental building block for communities of autonomous systems and is a cloud-based access point to the autonomous system. This presentation will describe an example of such a system provided by dotOcean Automate Your Boat (AYB). The proposed architecture generates augmented reality for autonomous systems rather than for humans, upgrading the sensor network on board with superior data. The digital twins are subdivided in a Fog and Cloud component, where the Fog components handle real-time communication between the digital twin and the edge computer in the autonomous system, and the autonomous systems within the Fog network become one big transparent super-system capable of optimally using all available information in the network and being controlled worldwide. Simple example applications are multi-vessel path planning and object avoidance or swarm behavior.
Embed artificial intelligence on board ships
Ugo Vollmer CEO Shone USA
Autonomous does not mean unmanned. From Silicon Valley, Shone brings a realistic approach to autonomous ships.
Wednesday 26 June
Integrated Data 09:10 - 10:30
Cyber-resilience for autonomous ships
Joseph Beel Strategic programs manager Cisco Systems Inc USA
Kelly Jones Systems engineer Cisco Systems Inc USA
Cloud, mobility, IoT and AI/ML are transforming how ships operate. These advancements have also increased the attack surface. Old methods of cybersecurity focusing on perimeter defense are ineffective. Cyber-resilience focuses on mission preparedness, continuity, restoration and improvement. This includes maintaining a state of preparedness against attacks to prevent/reduce compromise, continuous monitoring to capture attack activity that cannot be blocked, capturing activity to support forensics, investigation and detection, continuing essential mission functions despite attack, restoring mission functions after attack, and changing functions to reduce adverse affects. The paper will address how to prepare for, withstand and recover from attack.
Integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity for autonomous ships: 5G and beyond
Dr Marko Höyhtyä Research team leader, autonomous systems connectivity VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd FINLAND
This talk concentrates on defining an integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity concept for autonomous ships. Latest research in 5G and beyond is discussed, including intelligent connectivity management and the need for authenticated ship gateways due to the use of multiple technologies simultaneously. Part of the material is based on a national SEAMUS project that has studied requirements and defined a roadmap for autonomous ship connectivity. It has also contributed to the 3GPP standardization on future maritime communications systems.
Solutions and savings for autonomous ship connectivity: a multi-technology platform
Heikki Keränen Solution manager SATEL Oy FINLAND
Autonomous ships require various communications channels and technologies. Varying needs depend, for example, on distance from the shore and required bandwidth. The most differentiating factor is the criticality level of the communications. How to provide savings by combining the varying communications technologies into one device? And how to intelligently allocate resources on available channels? How to ensure that the highest-priority communications are always transmitted securely? How to ensure the cybersecurity of the communications? Connectivity also includes positioning systems, so how to combine high-accuracy positioning with other communications?
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV believes that innovations related to automation and digitization can help the inland waterway sector evolve. Therefore, the company started the Smart Shipping program. In this presentation an update will be given on the activities inside the Flemish test area. First results of a study concerning the influence of smart ships on shore infrastructure and communication methods will be shared. The state of play in international regulation concerning smart shipping on inland waterways will be described, as well as the activities Flanders has initiated on an international level. Future activities and ambitions will also be presented.
The autonomous lake freighter
Thiru Vikram CEO Buffalo Automation USA
The presentation will outline the technical challenges and commercial opportunities discovered by Buffalo Automation while implementing autonomy in four incremental phases on lake freighters in the Great Lakes.
Smart shipping on the Netherlands’ inland waterways
Nancy Scheijven-Westra Director vessel traffic & water management Rijkswaterstaat NETHERLANDS
The Netherlands is home to Europe’s largest port and biggest inland navigation fleet, and lies at the mouth of Europe’s busiest waterway. To increase the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the inland sector, the Netherlands wants to be one of the leaders in applying innovative automated shipping technologies. In this presentation the Government of the Netherlands demonstrates how it (1) Expects its smart shipping ambitions to contribute to the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the maritime sector; (2) Facilitates development and testing of automated shipping technologies in densely navigated waters; (3) Anticipates its role as waterway manager in the future.
Demonstration of the Hull-to-Hull project with an unmanned inland ship
Peter Slaets Professor KU Leuven BELGIUM
The H2020 project GNSS Hull-to-Hull focuses on safely navigating in close proximity to other stationary or moving vessels and objects. This goal will be met by using EGNSS fused with other sensors and communication processes. The Intelligent Mobile Platforms research group at KU Leuven will use its scale model (4.8m long) of an inland cargo ship as a demonstrator of the project in inland waterways. This presentation will discuss the specific close-proximity-navigation challenges of the inland waterways, and the construction and implementation of the scale model with its custom-built actuation and advanced sensory equipment.
Wednesday 26 June
Case Studies 14:00 - 16:10
Redefining the way the world is working at sea
Richard Daltry R&D director L3 Technologies, Unmanned Maritime Systems UK
This presentation will cover the disruptive changes already happening in areas of the maritime industry due to the exploitation of autonomous vessels. Deep-water search has been revolutionized by massive force multiplication using autonomous vessels. All Tier 1 navies are moving toward autonomous systems for mine countermeasure tasks. Advancements in autonomy are reducing the cost of remote inspection operations in oil and gas. L3 Technologies’ Unmanned Maritime Systems division is delivering and developing these solutions. This presentation will provide an update on recent deliveries and operations enabling these disruptive changes.
Special presentation of the Kongsberg Maritime solutions for autonomous vessels
Automation transparency: the Trondheim autonomous harbor ferry
Thomas Porathe Professor of interaction design NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology NORWAY
In Trondheim, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology is developing an autonomous passenger/bicycle ferry for urban canals. It will be a push-button on-demand ferry with electrical propulsion and COLREG-based anti-collision. Maneuvering tests with a half-scale model have been underway since 2017, and the full-scale hull is under construction. The Trondheim harbor canal offers many challenges with intense leisure boat traffic and kayak rental services for tourists in the summertime. A major task is to make automation transparent and communicate intentions to other mariners and passengers onboard, as well as to the remote operators in the monitoring center.
Presentation on Short Sea Autonomous Operations
Wednesday 26 June
Simulation 16:10 - 17:30
Route decision-making strategy development using Monte Carlo simulation
Dr Se Won Kim Research engineer Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co Ltd KOREA
Efficient route decision-making strategy is the key component of autonomous ocean voyages. Currently, three-dimensional dynamic programming is the representative state of the art. This presentation will propose a new route strategy that shows noticeable improvements compared with the state of the art. The Monte Carlo-based route decision-making method will be introduced along with its flexible grid system of optimization. A 173,000 cbm LNG carrier is evaluated in the simulation, which proves the excellence of the proposed method. Korea's autonomous vessel research activities will also be presented.
Presentation from Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping
Safety assurance of collision avoidance and situational awareness systems
Andreas Brandsæter Senior researcher DNV GL NORWAY
Tom Arne Pedersen Principal researcher DNV GL NORWAY
Autonomous ships are expected to change water based transport of both cargo and people, and large investments are being made internationally. A key element of an autonomous ship is the autonomous navigation system including collision avoidance and situational awareness capabilities. Assurance of these systems will require product assurance using large-scale, systematic simulation studies, sophisticated test procedures, and traditional process assurance.This presentation focuses on how collision avoidance can be tested using simulators, and focus on the interface between simulator and navigation system, cooperation with manufacturer, dynamic test scenarios and automatic assessment towards COLREGs. Furthermore, it presents an overview of the ongoing development of an enhanced test and assurance framework for situational awareness for autonomous navigation. Topics include: model interpretability, unrehearsed testing, quantitative evaluation, cross validation, improved training data collection, simulation of new test data based on data permutation, and sensor redundancy for system assessment in operation.
Thursday 27 June
Legal and Liability Issues for MASS 09:10 - 10:30
09:10 - 10:30
Jonathan Goulding Associate and mariner HFW UK
Eva Szewczyk PhD researcher Northumbria University UK
Sean Pribyl Senior claims executive, lawyer - charterers and traders defence claims Gard AS NORWAY
Safety for autonomous ships: lessons learned from other domains
Dr Stig Petersen Senior scientist SINTEF NORWAY
For autonomous ships, it is commonly stated that to be acceptable for commercial use, they must be at least as safe as conventional vessels in similar service. Safety can in this regard be defined as freedom from unacceptable risk of harm to humans, property or the environment. Since autonomous ships remove the human as a safety barrier, relevant safety regulations must be enforced for the control and navigation systems that will replace the onboard personnel. This presentation addresses how the maritime domain can learn from other modes of transport when it comes to safe implementation and testing of autonomous vehicles.
IConIC – the pre-emptive fault recognition system
Dr David Garrity Chief technology officer STS Defence UK
Globally there is a significant drive to introduce more automation and autonomy in marine and maritime, particularly through the exploitation of recent advancements in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) to solve challenging problems. Much of the focus has been on solving automation/autonomy challenges for navigation systems, and there has been limited thought about how to approach the engineering spaces, particularly the main propulsion and auxiliary power units. This presentation showcases an AI-enabled condition monitoring system, developed over the past five years for all scales of marine diesel units, and rotating plant machinery more generally.
Monitoring and control for vessels with reduced crew or no crew
Pia Meling Vice president Massterly (a Kongsberg Wilhelmsen JV) NORWAY
The two major Norwegian companies – Wilhelmsen and Kongsberg – have joined forces to lead the development of autonomous shipping globally. The main purpose of their Massterly joint venture is to develop environmentally friendly, safe and cost-efficient logistics, enabling a shift in transportation from congested roads to the sea. The first Shore Control Centre (SCC) is under construction, from which we will provide 24/7 manned monitoring and control for vessels with reduced crew or no crew. This presentation will provide an update on that progress. Massterly is currently in the process of obtaining approvals from the maritime authorities to operate fully autonomous vessels.
Required systems for proper look-out
Etsuro Shimizu Professor Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology JAPAN
COLREGs rule 5 (Look-out) defines the look-out as follows: 'Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper look-out by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and or the risk of collision'. This presentation discusses the required functions for the system that conducts the look-out.
One Sea to work with the whole maritime logistics chain
Päivi Haikkola Ecosystem lead DIMECC / One Sea FINLAND
Jukka Merenluoto Ecosystem lead DIMECC FINLAND
One Sea – Autonomous Maritime Ecosystem is a company alliance with the aim of enabling commercial autonomous maritime traffic by 2025. The Ecosystem engages in various activities to enable reaching its goal. In its third year the Ecosystem is concentrating more on the entire logistics chains, and the presentation will detail how this will be done. One Sea also participates in regulation and standardization work for MASS (Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships). The presentation will introduce the status of international regulation work and describe how One Sea aims to affect it. It will also discuss the way forward in standardization.
Thursday 27 June
Vision Technologies 14:15 - 15:30
Machine vision and sensor fusion as a step to Level 4 autonomy
Michael Gordon Johnson CEO Sea Machines Robotics USA
Sea Machines will present the results of its collaboration with AP Moller-Maersk in the world's first deployment of an AI-powered situational awareness vision system on an actively trading container ship. It will present the capability of using RGB and thermal camera vision in varying environmental conditions to provide real-time visual target and traffic detection, classification and tracking using robust artificial intelligence built with large data sets and cutting-edge neural networks. The camera vision-borne targets are then fused with target information from conventional vessel instruments to create a more effective domain awareness system for crews and autonomous control systems.
Detection of small cross-section objects with 3D lidar and polarimetric imaging
Dr Jordi Riu Gras CEO Beamagine SPAIN
Safe and reliable autonomous navigation needs to detect and track not only large objects like harbor structures and other vessels, but also small cross-section objects like buoys, rocks and even floating debris. This challenging capability is made possible by sensing in very high resolution and combining complementary imaging modes like 3D plus RGB or polarimetric data. The lidar provide point clouds with 0.05º angular resolution in real time, and the polarimetric camera is able to locate objects over the water with outstanding reliability. A patented hardware approach fuses both bits of information without parallax error at all distances up to hundreds of meters.
3D lidar for autonomous vessel navigation in close quarters
Dieter Gabriel Manager EMEA Velodyne Europe GmbH GERMANY
The presentation will provide an overview of how lidar technology is developing from the current state of technology into a mass-produced product suitable for marine applications and enabling vessels to go autonomous. It will include functional principles of lidar with respect to autonomous vessels, strengths and weaknesses of different environmental sensors, lidar technology evolution – from sensor in research to industrial mass product, and use cases for 3D multi-channel lidar sensors for autonomous vessels and marine applications.
Please note: this conference program may be subject to change