Conference Program

Day 2: Wednesday, June 26

Integrated Data
09:10 - 10:30


James Fanshawe
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group


Cyber resilience for autonomous ships

Joseph Beel
Strategic programs manager
Cisco Systems Inc
Cloud, mobility, IoT and AI/ML are transforming how ships operate. These advancements have also increased the attack surface. Old methods of cybersecurity focusing on perimeter defense are ineffective. Cyber resilience focuses on mission preparedness, continuity, restoration, and improvement. This includes maintaining a state of preparedness against attacks to prevent/reduce compromise; continuous monitoring to capture attack activity that cannot be blocked; capturing activity to support forensics, investigation, and detection; continuing essential mission functions despite attack; restoring mission functions after attack; and changing functions to reduce adverse affects. The paper will address how to prepare for, withstand, and recover from attack.


Integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity for autonomous ships: 5G and beyond

Dr Marko Höyhtyä
Research team leader, autonomous systems connectivity
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
This talk concentrates on defining an integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity concept for autonomous ships. Latest research in 5G and beyond is discussed, including intelligent connectivity management and the need for authenticated ship gateways due to the use of multiple technologies simultaneously. Part of the material is based on a national SEAMUS project that has studied requirements and defined a roadmap for autonomous ship connectivity. It has also contributed to the 3GPP standardization of future maritime communications systems.


Solutions and savings for autonomous ship connectivity: a multi-technology platform

Heikki Keränen
Solution Manager
Autonomous ships require various communications channels and technologies. Varying needs depend, for example, on distance from the shore and required bandwidth. The most differentiating factor is the criticality level of the communications. How can we provide savings by combining the varying communications technologies into one device? And how can we intelligently allocate resources on available channels? How can we ensure that the highest-priority communications are always transmitted securely? How can we ensure the cybersecurity of the communications? Connectivity also includes positioning systems, so how can we combine high-accuracy positioning with other communications?

10:30 - 11:00


Autonomy on Inland Waterways
11:00 - 12:40


James Fanshawe
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group


Smart shipping on inland waterways

Ann-Sofie Pauwelyn
RIS project manager - smart shipping
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV believes that innovations related to automation and digitization can help the inland waterway sector evolve. Therefore, the company started the Smart Shipping program. In this presentation an update will be given on the activities inside the Flemish test area. First results of a study concerning the influence of smart ships on shore infrastructure and communication methods will be shared. The state of play in international regulation concerning smart shipping on inland waterways will be described, as well as the activities Flanders has initiated on an international level. Future activities and ambitions will also be presented.


The autonomous lake freighter

Thiru Vikram
Buffalo Automation
The presentation will outline the technical challenges and commercial opportunities discovered by Buffalo Automation while implementing autonomy in four incremental phases on lake freighters in the Great Lakes.


Smart shipping on the Netherlands’ inland waterways

Nancy Scheijven-Westra
Director vessel traffic & water management
The Netherlands is home to Europe’s largest port and biggest inland navigation fleet, and lies at the mouth of Europe’s busiest waterway. To increase the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the inland sector, the Netherlands wants to be one of the leaders in applying innovative automated shipping technologies. In this presentation the government of the Netherlands demonstrates how it (1) expects its smart shipping ambitions to contribute to the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the maritime sector; (2) facilitates development and testing of automated shipping technologies in densely navigated waters; and (3) anticipates its role as waterway manager in the future.


Demonstration of the Hull-to-Hull project with an unmanned inland ship

Prof Peter Slaets
KU Leuven
The H2020 project GNSS Hull-to-Hull focuses on safely navigating in close proximity to other stationary or moving vessels and objects. This goal will be met by using EGNSS fused with other sensors and communication processes. The Intelligent Mobile Platforms research group at KU Leuven will use its scale model (4.8m long) of an inland cargo ship as a demonstrator of the project in inland waterways. This presentation will discuss the specific close-proximity navigation challenges of the inland waterways, and the construction and implementation of the scale model with its custom-built actuation and advanced sensory equipment.

12:40 - 14:00


Case Studies
14:00 - 16:00


James Fanshawe
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group


Redefining the way the world is working at sea

Dr Howard Tripp
Autonomous systems R&D lead, unmanned maritime systems
L3 Technologies
This presentation will cover the disruptive changes already happening in areas of the maritime industry due to the exploitation of autonomous vessels. Deep water search has been revolutionized by massive force multiplication using autonomous vessels. All Tier 1 navies are moving toward autonomous systems for mine countermeasure tasks. Advancements in autonomy are reducing the cost of remote inspection operations in oil and gas. L3 Technologies’ unmanned maritime systems division is delivering and developing these solutions. This presentation will provide an update on recent deliveries and operations enabling these disruptive changes.


Yara Birkeland Case Study

Lars Kristian Moen
Director advanced maneuvering and autonomy
Kongsberg Maritime AS
Yara Birkeland is the world’s first fully electric and autonomous container ship, with zero emissions. With this vessel, Yara, a leading global fertilizer company, will reduce diesel-powered truck haulage by 40,000 journeys a year. Kongsberg is responsible for development and delivery of all key enabling technologies on Yara Birkeland, including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous operations, in addition to the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems. This presentation will provide a case study of those developments.


Automation transparency: the Trondheim autonomous harbor ferry

Prof Thomas Porathe
Professor of interaction design
NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
In Trondheim, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology is developing an autonomous passenger/bicycle ferry for urban canals. It will be a push-button on-demand ferry with electrical propulsion and COLREG-based anti-collision. Maneuvering tests with a half-scale model have been underway since 2017, and the full-scale hull is under construction. The Trondheim harbor canal offers many challenges with intense leisure boat traffic and kayak rental services for tourists in the summertime. A major task is to make automation transparent and to communicate intentions to other mariners and the passengers onboard, as well as to the remote operators in the monitoring center.


Autonomous operations for short sea voyages and on those on inland waterways

Antoon Van Coillie
Anglo Belgian Shipping Company

15:40 - 16:00


16:00 - 18:00


James Fanshawe
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group


Route decision-making strategy development using Monte Carlo simulation

Dr Se Won Kim
Research engineer
Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co Ltd
Efficient route decision-making strategy is the key component of autonomous ocean voyages. Currently, three-dimensional dynamic programming is the representative state-of-the-art. This presentation will propose a new route strategy that shows noticeable improvements compared with the state-of-the-art. The Monte Carlo-based route decision-making method will be introduced along with its flexible grid system of optimization. A 173,000m3 LNG carrier is evaluated in the simulation, which proves the excellence of the proposed method. Korea's autonomous vessel research activities will also be presented.


Safety assurance of collision avoidance and situational awareness systems

Andreas Brandsæter
Senior researcher
Tom Arne Pedersen
Principal researcher
Autonomous ships are expected to change water-based transport of cargo and people, and large investments are being made internationally. A key element of an autonomous ship is the autonomous navigation system, including collision avoidance and situational awareness capabilities. Assurance of these systems will require product assurance using large-scale, systematic simulation studies, sophisticated test procedures and traditional process assurance. This presentation focuses on how collision avoidance can be tested using simulators, and examines the interface between simulator and navigation system, cooperation with manufacturer, dynamic test scenarios and automatic assessment toward COLREGs. Furthermore, it presents an overview of the ongoing development of an enhanced test and assurance framework for situational awareness for autonomous navigation. Topics include model interpretability, unrehearsed testing, quantitative evaluation, cross-validation, improved training data collection, simulation of new test data based on data permutation, and sensor redundancy for system assessment in operation.


The Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping: lessons learned toward a roadmap for smart shipping

Marnix Krikke
Innovation director
Netherlands Maritime Technology
Maurits Huisman
European affairs manager
The Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping was launched in 2017. It comprises a two-year applied research program, executed by a consortium of maritime businesses, knowledge and educational institutions, service providers, and governments. After an exploration and analysis of possible applications, it examined the requirements for safe navigation in the shipping environment. The project also studied whether it is possible to use existing techniques to mitigate or fix malfunctions from the shore. Several literature studies, papers, test runs, a simulator, and a real-life environment on board actual vessels showed the state of the technology, and also the challenges for the future. These challenges are described in a roadmap for the introduction of autonomy in shipping.


The Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping: the use of simulations and demonstrations in autonomous shipping (AS) development

Aditya Nawab
Robosys Autonomous Unmanned Systems Ltd
Dimitri Van Heel
Team leader - operations and human factors
A key element of any AS development is collision avoidance capability. Under the assumption of adequate situational awareness and maneuvering capability, is the vessel able to avoid contacts and vessel collisions while using the valid rules of the sea and good seamanship? How does the collision avoidance system act when bad seamanship is applied, for example when other vessels fail to give way or continue on a collision course? This question is central in the three-ship simulations and demonstrations performed in the JIP on autonomous shipping. This paper describes the setup and execution of the simulations and the real-life demonstration, the considerations for the collision avoidance systems, and the assessment of the results.


Agent-based modeling to ship simulators: operational analysis for novel autonomous systems

Jake Rigby
Research and development lead
BMT Defence & Security UK Ltd
The application of marine autonomous systems offers new opportunities with the need for evolved operational models. Instead of being constrained by human users, autonomous systems allow significant freedom in operational scope. These new operational models will need to be assessed and compared against existing manned operations to prove efficiency gains, validate cost models and demonstrate at minimum an equivalent level of operational safety. It also needs to be recognized that the systems will need to operate alongside human counterparts in the near term and the foreseeable future. These changing models raise a new set of challenges for the maritime industry. Innovative solutions will be needed in the areas of navigation, collision avoidance, ship and shore communications, insurance and liability. To demonstrate compliance in these areas, an assurance framework with a corresponding set of formalized standards needs to be developed. Effective and detailed simulations can help the stakeholder community to understand these challenges and prove in a safe, simulated environment that their solutions are compliant. It is important for the designer and operator alike to understand the options available to them to mitigate the operational risks. To understand this complex picture, effective operational analysis is essential. This talk looks at the range of simulation and operational analysis options available for new and novel autonomous systems, and which options to use at the different design stages.
Please note: this conference program may be subject to change


June 23, 24, 25, 2020