Conference Program



Day 1: Tuesday, June 25

Keynote Presentations
09:05 - 12:40

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

09:05

Opening Address: Welcome to Amsterdam

Jan Egbertsen
Manager innovation
Port of Amsterdam
NETHERLANDS

09:10

Regulatory scoping exercise of IMO instruments

Henrik Tunfors
Chair
IMO MASS Working Group
SWEDEN
The presentation will focus on the regulatory scoping exercise currently being carried out by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), in particular the working group on Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS), in order to identify gaps and problematic areas to address to make possible the operation and certification of autonomous ships for use in international trade. What decisions led to the IMO becoming engaged in such a huge task encompassing 20+ international conventions and an even larger number of international codes? What limitations have been applied, what definitions have been developed to guide the work, and will the human element be taken into account? These and a number of other issues will be in the spotlight during the presentation.

09:35

US Maritime Administration’s work on autonomous ships

Richard Balzano
Deputy maritime administrator
US Department of Transportation, Marine Administration
USA
The US Maritime Administration is the United States’ Federal agency dedicated to the continuous improvement of the US merchant marine – internationally, coastwise, and domestically. A smooth transition to the autonomous surface ships of the future is part of a global movement that will build on the United States’ strengths in communications, artificial intelligence, robotics, marine engineering, sensor technologies and maritime education.

10:00

The shipowner’s perspective on autonomous ship operations

Stephen Brown
Innovation manager
Shell Trading
UK
This presentation will offer attendees an insight into how a major shipowner and operator views developments toward autonomous shipping and the operational challenges and opportunities that arise from them.

10:30 - 11:00

Break

11:00

Latest results in evidence-driven evolution toward autonomous shipping

Dr Kalevi Tervo
Global program manager
ABB Marine & Ports
FINLAND
ABB continues to demonstrate progress toward autonomous shipping by an evidence-driven evolution approach with its new product family called ABB Ability Marine Pilot. Each individual product within the Marine Pilot family offers a solution to a specific issue within the autonomous operation of ships. In 2017 ABB launched the Pilot Vision situational awareness tool; in 2018 it launched the Pilot Control intelligent ship operations platform, followed by a live demonstration of the application of the platform for remote control on existing tonnage. This presentation introduces the latest development results, cases, and next steps in the journey toward the electric, digital and connected future of shipping.

11:25

A set of guidelines toward autonomous shipping

Jerome Faivre
Smart ships rules manager
Bureau Veritas Marine & Offshore
FRANCE
Autonomous ships need to achieve a safety level equivalent to that of conventional ships. This is hard to define because much of what the industry defines as ‘safe’ is built on historic knowledge and lessons learned from accidents. At a basic level, autonomous ships must comply with relevant regulations. Operational risks for autonomous ships are generally similar to those of conventional ships, but with risk transferred from crew to sensors and cyber-physical systems. The question is how to measure those risks and mitigate them.

11:50

Low-power, long-endurance autonomy

Henry Robinson
Managing director
Dynautics
UK
Wave-propelled boats are being used for ocean science, environmental monitoring and security applications. This paper looks at how we have addressed the challenge of designing and operating small boats for weeks on end with minimal power. It gives an overview of what we have achieved in the fields of navigation, boat control and communications.

12:15

Toward USV missions in congested shipping lanes – autonomous survey

Charles Fralick
Maritime chief engineer
Leidos
USA
Leidos will present the results of its unmanned surface vessel (USV) demonstration in the Annual Naval Technology Exercise (ANTX) 2018. During the demonstration, the Pathfinder USV conducted survey operations to IHO specifications in a region frequented by vessel traffic. Additionally, Pathfinder autonomously launched and recovered a survey autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) in support of the mission. This was completed amid regular interruption by surface vessels in the area. Sea Hunter maneuvered to COLREGs standards and completed a 100% survey coverage of the area – all achieved while behaving as would be expected of a manned vessel.

12:40 - 14:00

Lunch

Collision Avoidance
14:00 - 17:30

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

14:00

Situational awareness in maritime collision avoidance

Dr Edmund Brekke
Associate professor
NTNU
NORWAY
This talk presents experimental and simulation results on collision avoidance for autonomous ships from the Autosea project (www.ntnu.edu/autosea). This includes experiments conducted both in Trondheimsfjorden, Norway and outside Den Helder, Netherlands. The methods used include a combination of model-predictive control (MPC) and multi-target tracking based on probabilistic data association. The talk will highlight important principles for situational awareness, such as transparency and proactivity, and discuss how the aforementioned methods support these principles. The talk will also cover the potential of data-driven long-term prediction techniques for proactive collision avoidance, and the design of situational awareness systems for autonomous passenger ferries.

14:25

Unmanned boats: from lab to sea

Dr Stephanie Kemna
Software engineer/project manager
Maritime Robotics AS
NORWAY
Most unmanned boats cannot yet work with high levels of autonomy. To operate in high ship traffic areas, there are many challenges to be addressed. In this talk we highlight results from research projects on collision avoidance and safe multi-robot operations. We look into how we can smartly deploy systems for surveys, discuss current capabilities and where we need more R&D effort in coming years. This presentation shows leading-edge technology development, provides perspectives on desired levels of autonomy, and considers how to introduce systems into the market with support from certification and legislation agencies.

14:50

COLREGs-based intelligent collision avoidance framework for autonomous ships

Dr Lokukaluge Prasad Perera
Associate professor
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
NORWAY
Ship collision avoidance in a mixed environment, where future remote-controlled, autonomous and manned vessels are interacting, has been an important topic for the shipping industry. Ship collision avoidance actions are regulated by COLREGs in open sea areas and additional local navigation rules and regulations, especially in confined waters and maritime traffic lanes. The respective collision avoidance actions will be executed by humans as well as systems in future vessels. Therefore, system intelligence should be on board to overcome possible collision or near-miss situations. This presentation focuses on developing intelligent collision avoidance systems based on COLREGs for future autonomous vessels.

15:15 - 15:45

Break

15:45

The challenges ahead: creating AI for ships

Dor Raviv
CTO and co-founder
Orca AI
ISRAEL
With the maritime industry increasingly turning to new technologies that claim to have the potential to solve the challenges facing ships and crews, new obstacles have arisen. Tasked with creating 'smarter navigation', the industry must first find ways to collect higher quality data; train AI; and develop systems, computer vision, sensors, and algorithms designed for open water as well as crowded waterways. Dor Raviv, CTO of Orca AI, a company using AI to prevent maritime collisions, will speak about what can be done to solve the challenges and how the industry must go about accomplishing its goals.

16:10

Digital-twin-based autonomous systems

Koen Geirnaert
CEO
dotOcean NV
BELGIUM
The new-generation autonomous systems have digital twins. The digital twin is a uniform fundamental building block for communities of autonomous systems and is a cloud-based access point to the autonomous system. This presentation will describe an example of such a system provided by dotOcean Automate Your Boat (AYB). The proposed architecture generates augmented reality for autonomous systems rather than for humans, upgrading the sensor network on board with superior data. The digital twins are subdivided into a Fog and a Cloud component, where the Fog components handle real-time communication between the digital twin and the edge computer in the autonomous system, and the autonomous systems within the Fog network become one big transparent super-system capable of optimally using all available information in the network and being controlled worldwide. Simple example applications are multi-vessel path planning and object avoidance or swarm behavior.

16:35

Embed artificial intelligence on board ships

Ugo Vollmer
CEO
Shone
USA
Autonomous does not mean unmanned. From Silicon Valley, Shone brings a realistic approach to autonomous ships.

17:00

Project SVAN - the world's first fully autonomous ferry

Iiro Lindborg
VP – remote & autonomous operations
Kongsberg Maritime Finland Oy
FINLAND
This presentation will provide a case study on Project SVAN - Safer Vessel with Autonomous Navigation. The project demonstrated a fully autonomous roadferry in winter conditions in December 2018. The case study will introduce the technologies used, along with the collision avoidance situations the autonomous navigation system encountered.

Day 2: Wednesday, June 26

Integrated Data
09:10 - 10:30

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

09:10

Cyber resilience for autonomous ships

Joseph Beel
Strategic programs manager
Cisco Systems Inc
USA
Cloud, mobility, IoT and AI/ML are transforming how ships operate. These advancements have also increased the attack surface. Old methods of cybersecurity focusing on perimeter defense are ineffective. Cyber resilience focuses on mission preparedness, continuity, restoration, and improvement. This includes maintaining a state of preparedness against attacks to prevent/reduce compromise; continuous monitoring to capture attack activity that cannot be blocked; capturing activity to support forensics, investigation, and detection; continuing essential mission functions despite attack; restoring mission functions after attack; and changing functions to reduce adverse affects. The paper will address how to prepare for, withstand, and recover from attack.

09:35

Integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity for autonomous ships: 5G and beyond

Dr Marko Höyhtyä
Research team leader, autonomous systems connectivity
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
FINLAND
This talk concentrates on defining an integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity concept for autonomous ships. Latest research in 5G and beyond is discussed, including intelligent connectivity management and the need for authenticated ship gateways due to the use of multiple technologies simultaneously. Part of the material is based on a national SEAMUS project that has studied requirements and defined a roadmap for autonomous ship connectivity. It has also contributed to the 3GPP standardization of future maritime communications systems.

10:00

Solutions and savings for autonomous ship connectivity: a multi-technology platform

Heikki Keränen
Solution Manager
SATEL Oy
FINLAND
Autonomous ships require various communications channels and technologies. Varying needs depend, for example, on distance from the shore and required bandwidth. The most differentiating factor is the criticality level of the communications. How can we provide savings by combining the varying communications technologies into one device? And how can we intelligently allocate resources on available channels? How can we ensure that the highest-priority communications are always transmitted securely? How can we ensure the cybersecurity of the communications? Connectivity also includes positioning systems, so how can we combine high-accuracy positioning with other communications?

10:30 - 11:00

Break

Autonomy on Inland Waterways
11:00 - 12:40

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

11:00

Smart shipping on inland waterways

Ann-Sofie Pauwelyn
RIS project manager - smart shipping
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV
BELGIUM
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV believes that innovations related to automation and digitization can help the inland waterway sector evolve. Therefore, the company started the Smart Shipping program. In this presentation an update will be given on the activities inside the Flemish test area. First results of a study concerning the influence of smart ships on shore infrastructure and communication methods will be shared. The state of play in international regulation concerning smart shipping on inland waterways will be described, as well as the activities Flanders has initiated on an international level. Future activities and ambitions will also be presented.

11:25

The autonomous lake freighter

Thiru Vikram
CEO
Buffalo Automation
USA
The presentation will outline the technical challenges and commercial opportunities discovered by Buffalo Automation while implementing autonomy in four incremental phases on lake freighters in the Great Lakes.

11:50

Smart shipping on the Netherlands’ inland waterways

Nancy Scheijven-Westra
Director vessel traffic & water management
Rijkswaterstaat
NETHERLANDS
The Netherlands is home to Europe’s largest port and biggest inland navigation fleet, and lies at the mouth of Europe’s busiest waterway. To increase the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the inland sector, the Netherlands wants to be one of the leaders in applying innovative automated shipping technologies. In this presentation the government of the Netherlands demonstrates how it (1) expects its smart shipping ambitions to contribute to the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the maritime sector; (2) facilitates development and testing of automated shipping technologies in densely navigated waters; and (3) anticipates its role as waterway manager in the future.

12:15

Demonstration of the Hull-to-Hull project with an unmanned inland ship

Prof Peter Slaets
Professor
KU Leuven
BELGIUM
The H2020 project GNSS Hull-to-Hull focuses on safely navigating in close proximity to other stationary or moving vessels and objects. This goal will be met by using EGNSS fused with other sensors and communication processes. The Intelligent Mobile Platforms research group at KU Leuven will use its scale model (4.8m long) of an inland cargo ship as a demonstrator of the project in inland waterways. This presentation will discuss the specific close-proximity navigation challenges of the inland waterways, and the construction and implementation of the scale model with its custom-built actuation and advanced sensory equipment.

12:40 - 14:00

Lunch

Case Studies
14:00 - 16:00

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

14:00

Redefining the way the world is working at sea

Dr Howard Tripp
Autonomous systems R&D lead, unmanned maritime systems
L3 Technologies
UK
This presentation will cover the disruptive changes already happening in areas of the maritime industry due to the exploitation of autonomous vessels. Deep water search has been revolutionized by massive force multiplication using autonomous vessels. All Tier 1 navies are moving toward autonomous systems for mine countermeasure tasks. Advancements in autonomy are reducing the cost of remote inspection operations in oil and gas. L3 Technologies’ unmanned maritime systems division is delivering and developing these solutions. This presentation will provide an update on recent deliveries and operations enabling these disruptive changes.

14:25

Yara Birkeland Case Study

Lars Kristian Moen
Director advanced maneuvering and autonomy
Kongsberg Maritime AS
NORWAY
Yara Birkeland is the world’s first fully electric and autonomous container ship, with zero emissions. With this vessel, Yara, a leading global fertilizer company, will reduce diesel-powered truck haulage by 40,000 journeys a year. Kongsberg is responsible for development and delivery of all key enabling technologies on Yara Birkeland, including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous operations, in addition to the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems. This presentation will provide a case study of those developments.

14:50

Automation transparency: the Trondheim autonomous harbor ferry

Prof Thomas Porathe
Professor of interaction design
NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
NORWAY
In Trondheim, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology is developing an autonomous passenger/bicycle ferry for urban canals. It will be a push-button on-demand ferry with electrical propulsion and COLREG-based anti-collision. Maneuvering tests with a half-scale model have been underway since 2017, and the full-scale hull is under construction. The Trondheim harbor canal offers many challenges with intense leisure boat traffic and kayak rental services for tourists in the summertime. A major task is to make automation transparent and to communicate intentions to other mariners and the passengers onboard, as well as to the remote operators in the monitoring center.

15:15

Autonomous operations for short sea voyages and on those on inland waterways

Antoon Van Coillie
Director
Anglo Belgian Shipping Company
BELGIUM

15:40 - 16:00

Break

Simulation
16:00 - 18:00

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

16:00

Route decision-making strategy development using Monte Carlo simulation

Dr Se Won Kim
Research engineer
Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co Ltd
KOREA
Efficient route decision-making strategy is the key component of autonomous ocean voyages. Currently, three-dimensional dynamic programming is the representative state-of-the-art. This presentation will propose a new route strategy that shows noticeable improvements compared with the state-of-the-art. The Monte Carlo-based route decision-making method will be introduced along with its flexible grid system of optimization. A 173,000m3 LNG carrier is evaluated in the simulation, which proves the excellence of the proposed method. Korea's autonomous vessel research activities will also be presented.

16:25

Safety assurance of collision avoidance and situational awareness systems

Andreas Brandsæter
Senior researcher
DNV GL
NORWAY
Tom Arne Pedersen
Principal researcher
DNV GL
NORWAY
Autonomous ships are expected to change water-based transport of cargo and people, and large investments are being made internationally. A key element of an autonomous ship is the autonomous navigation system, including collision avoidance and situational awareness capabilities. Assurance of these systems will require product assurance using large-scale, systematic simulation studies, sophisticated test procedures and traditional process assurance. This presentation focuses on how collision avoidance can be tested using simulators, and examines the interface between simulator and navigation system, cooperation with manufacturer, dynamic test scenarios and automatic assessment toward COLREGs. Furthermore, it presents an overview of the ongoing development of an enhanced test and assurance framework for situational awareness for autonomous navigation. Topics include model interpretability, unrehearsed testing, quantitative evaluation, cross-validation, improved training data collection, simulation of new test data based on data permutation, and sensor redundancy for system assessment in operation.

16:50

The Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping: lessons learned toward a roadmap for smart shipping

Marnix Krikke
Innovation director
Netherlands Maritime Technology
NETHERLANDS
Maurits Huisman
European affairs manager
TNO
NETHERLANDS
The Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping was launched in 2017. It comprises a two-year applied research program, executed by a consortium of maritime businesses, knowledge and educational institutions, service providers, and governments. After an exploration and analysis of possible applications, it examined the requirements for safe navigation in the shipping environment. The project also studied whether it is possible to use existing techniques to mitigate or fix malfunctions from the shore. Several literature studies, papers, test runs, a simulator, and a real-life environment on board actual vessels showed the state of the technology, and also the challenges for the future. These challenges are described in a roadmap for the introduction of autonomy in shipping.

17:15

The Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping: the use of simulations and demonstrations in autonomous shipping (AS) development

Aditya Nawab
CEO
Robosys Autonomous Unmanned Systems Ltd
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Dimitri Van Heel
Team leader - operations and human factors
Marin
NETHERLANDS
A key element of any AS development is collision avoidance capability. Under the assumption of adequate situational awareness and maneuvering capability, is the vessel able to avoid contacts and vessel collisions while using the valid rules of the sea and good seamanship? How does the collision avoidance system act when bad seamanship is applied, for example when other vessels fail to give way or continue on a collision course? This question is central in the three-ship simulations and demonstrations performed in the JIP on autonomous shipping. This paper describes the setup and execution of the simulations and the real-life demonstration, the considerations for the collision avoidance systems, and the assessment of the results.

17:40

Agent-based modeling to ship simulators: operational analysis for novel autonomous systems

Jake Rigby
Research and development lead
BMT Defence & Security UK Ltd
UK
The application of marine autonomous systems offers new opportunities with the need for evolved operational models. Instead of being constrained by human users, autonomous systems allow significant freedom in operational scope. These new operational models will need to be assessed and compared against existing manned operations to prove efficiency gains, validate cost models and demonstrate at minimum an equivalent level of operational safety. It also needs to be recognized that the systems will need to operate alongside human counterparts in the near term and the foreseeable future. These changing models raise a new set of challenges for the maritime industry. Innovative solutions will be needed in the areas of navigation, collision avoidance, ship and shore communications, insurance and liability. To demonstrate compliance in these areas, an assurance framework with a corresponding set of formalized standards needs to be developed. Effective and detailed simulations can help the stakeholder community to understand these challenges and prove in a safe, simulated environment that their solutions are compliant. It is important for the designer and operator alike to understand the options available to them to mitigate the operational risks. To understand this complex picture, effective operational analysis is essential. This talk looks at the range of simulation and operational analysis options available for new and novel autonomous systems, and which options to use at the different design stages.

Day 3: Thursday, June 27

Legal and Liability Issues for MASS
08:50 - 10:00

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

08:50 - 10:00

Panel Discussion

Jonathan Goulding
Associate and mariner
HFW
UK
Eva Szewczyk
PhD researcher
Northumbria University
UK
Sean Pribyl
Senior claims executive/lawyer
Gard AS
NORWAY
Bjarke Holm Hansen
Attorney
Core Advokatfirma
DENMARK
Camilla Slater
Head of legal
Shipowners Club
UK
Mark Johnson
Partner
Haynes and Boone CDG LLP
UK

10:00 - 10:30

Break

Innovation
10:30 - 12:40

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

10:30

Safety for autonomous ships: lessons learned from other domains

Dr Stig Petersen
Senior scientist
SINTEF
NORWAY
For autonomous ships, it is commonly stated that to be acceptable for commercial use, they must be at least as safe as conventional vessels in similar service. Safety can in this regard be defined as freedom from unacceptable risk of harm to humans, property or the environment. Since autonomous ships remove the human as a safety barrier, relevant safety regulations must be enforced for the control and navigation systems that will replace the onboard personnel. This presentation addresses how the maritime domain can learn from other modes of transport when it comes to safe implementation and testing of autonomous vehicles.

10:55

IConIC – the pre-emptive fault recognition system

Dr David Garrity
Chief technology officer
STS Defence
UK
Globally there is a significant drive to introduce more automation and autonomy in marine and maritime, particularly through the exploitation of recent advancements in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) to solve challenging problems. Much of the focus has been on solving automation/autonomy challenges for navigation systems, and there has been limited thought about how to approach the engineering spaces, particularly the main propulsion and auxiliary power units. This presentation showcases an AI-enabled condition monitoring system, developed over the past five years for all scales of marine diesel units, and rotating plant machinery more generally.

11:20

Monitoring and control for vessels with reduced crew or no crew

Pia Meling
Vice president
Massterly (a Kongsberg Wilhelmsen JV)
NORWAY
Tom Eystø
Managing director
Massterly (a Kongsberg Wilhelmsen JV)
NORWAY
The two major Norwegian companies – Wilhelmsen and Kongsberg – have joined forces to lead the development of autonomous shipping globally. The main purpose of the Massterly joint venture is to develop environmentally friendly, safe and cost-efficient logistics, enabling a shift in transportation from congested roads to the sea. The first Shore Control Centre (SCC) is under construction, from which we will provide 24/7 manned monitoring and control for vessels with reduced crew or no crew. This presentation will provide an update on progress. Massterly is currently in the process of obtaining approvals from the maritime authorities to operate fully autonomous vessels.

11:45

Required systems for proper lookout

Prof Etsuro Shimizu
Professor
Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
JAPAN
COLREGs rule 5 (Lookout) defines the lookout as follows: 'Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and or the risk of collision'. This presentation discusses the required functions for the system that conducts the lookout.

12:10

One Sea to work with the whole maritime logistics chain

Päivi Haikkola
Ecosystem lead
DIMECC / One Sea
FINLAND
Jukka Merenluoto
Ecosystem lead
DIMECC
FINLAND
One Sea – Autonomous Maritime Ecosystem is a company alliance with the aim of enabling commercial autonomous maritime traffic by 2025. The Ecosystem engages in various activities to enable reaching its goal. In its third year the Ecosystem is concentrating more on the entire logistics chain, and the presentation will detail how this is being done. One Sea also participates in regulation and standardization work for MASS (Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships). The presentation will introduce the status of international regulation work and describe how One Sea aims to affect it. It will also discuss the way forward in standardization.

12:40 - 14:00

Lunch

Vision Technologies
14:00 - 15:20

Moderator

James Fanshawe
Chairman
UK MAS Regulatory Working Group
UK

14:00

Machine vision and sensor fusion as a step to Level 4 autonomy

Michael Gordon Johnson
CEO
Sea Machines Robotics
USA
Sea Machines will present the results of its collaboration with AP Moller-Maersk in the world's first deployment of an AI-powered situational awareness vision system on an actively trading container ship. It will present the capability of using RGB and thermal camera vision in varying environmental conditions to provide real-time visual target and traffic detection, classification and tracking using robust artificial intelligence built with large data sets and cutting-edge neural networks. The camera vision-borne targets are then fused with target information from conventional vessel instruments to create a more effective domain awareness system for crews and autonomous control systems.

14:25

Detection of small cross-section objects with 3D lidar and polarimetric imaging

Dr Jordi Riu Gras
CEO
Beamagine
SPAIN
Safe and reliable autonomous navigation needs to detect and track not only large objects like harbor structures and other vessels, but also small cross-section objects like buoys, rocks and even floating debris. This challenging capability is made possible by sensing in very high resolution and combining complementary imaging modes like 3D plus RGB or polarimetric data. The lidar provides point clouds with 0.05º angular resolution in real time, and the polarimetric camera is able to locate objects over the water with outstanding reliability. A patented hardware approach fuses both bits of information without parallax error at all distances of up to hundreds of meters.

14:50

3D lidar for autonomous vessel navigation in close quarters

Dieter Gabriel
Manager EMEA
Velodyne Europe GmbH
GERMANY
The presentation will provide an overview of how lidar technology is developing from the current state of technology into a mass-produced product – suitable for marine applications and enabling vessels to go autonomous. It will include functional principles of lidar with respect to autonomous vessels; strengths and weaknesses of different environmental sensors; lidar technology evolution – from sensor in research to industrial mass production; and use cases for 3D multi-channel lidar sensors for autonomous vessels and marine applications.
Please note: this conference program may be subject to change

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June 23, 24, 25, 2020