Preliminary Conference Program



Tuesday 25 June

Keynote Presentations
08:50 - 12:40

08:50

Regulatory scoping exercise of IMO instruments

Henrik Tunfors
Chair
IMO MASS Working Group
SWEDEN
The presentation will focus on the regulatory scoping exercise currently carried out by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), in particular the working group on Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS), in order to identify gaps and problematic areas to address in order to make possible, in the future, the operation and certification of autonomous ships for use in international trade. What decisions lead up to the IMO getting engaged in such a huge task – encompassing 20+ international conventions and an even larger number of international codes? What limitations have been applied, what definitions have been developed to guide the work, will the human element be taken into account? These and a number of other issues will be in the spotlight during the presentation.

09:10

US Maritime Administration’s work on autonomous ships

Richard Balzano
Deputy administrator
US Department of Transportation, Marine Administration
USA

09:30

The shipowner’s perspective on autonomous ship operations

Stephen Brown
Innovation manager
Shell Trading
UK
This presentation will offer attendees an insight into how a major shipowner and operator views developments towards autonomous shipping and the operational challenges and opportunities which arise from them.

09:50

The role of port authorities in the development of autonomous ships

Jan Egbertsen
Manager innovation
Port of Amsterdam
NETHERLANDS
In the technological development of autonomous ships, very often the focus is on the ship itself and the connection ship to ship. But when entering a seaport, new challenges arise. How to organize the interaction between ship and port authority, ship and port entrance, and ship and quayside? A smart or autonomous ship requires a smart or autonomous port. Neither of them exists at the moment. Development of smart ships and smart ports should be a joined and parallel effort.

10:10

Panel Q&A

11:00

Latest results in evidence-driven evolution toward autonomous shipping

Dr Kalevi Tervo
Global program manager
ABB Marine & Ports
FINLAND
ABB continues to demonstrate progress toward autonomous shipping by an evidence-driven evolution approach with its new product family called ABB Ability Marine Pilot. Each individual product within the Marine Pilot family offers a solution to a specific issue within the autonomous operation of ships. In 2017 ABB launched the Pilot Vision situational awareness tool; in 2018 it launched the Pilot Control intelligent ship operations platform, followed by a live demonstration of application of the platform for remote control on existing tonnage. This presentation introduces latest development results, cases and next steps in the journey toward an electric, digital and connected future of shipping.

11:20

A set of guidelines towards autonomous shipping

Najmeh Masoudi
Smartships technology leader
Bureau Veritas Marine and Offshore
FRANCE
Autonomous ships need to achieve a safety level equivalent to conventional ships. This is hard to define, because much of what the industry defines as 'safe' is built on historic knowledge and lessons learned from accidents. At a basic level, autonomous ships must comply with relevant regulations. Operational risks for autonomous ships are generally similar to conventional ships, but with risk transferred from crew to sensors and cyber-physical systems. The question is how to measure those risks and mitigate them.

11:40

Low-power, long-endurance autonomy

Henry Robinson
Managing director
Dynautics
UK
Wave-propelled boats are being used for ocean science, environmental monitoring and security applications. This paper looks at how we have addressed the challenge of designing and operating small boats for weeks on end with minimal power. It gives an overview of what we have achieved in the fields of navigation, boat control and communications.

12:00

An additional presentation will be confirmed shortly

12:20

Panel Q&A

Tuesday 25 June

Collision Avoidance
14:00 - 17:30

14:00

Situational awareness in maritime collision avoidance

Dr Edmund Brekke
Associate professor
NTNU
NORWAY
This talk presents experimental and simulation results on collision avoidance for autonomous ships from the Autosea project (www.ntnu.edu/autosea). This includes experiments conducted both in Trondheimsfjorden, Norway and outside Den Helder, Netherlands. The methods used include a combination of model-predictive control (MPC) and multi-target tracking based on probabilistic data association. The talk will highlight important principles for situational awareness, such as transparency and proaction, and discuss how the aforementioned methods support these principles. The talk will also cover the potential of data-driven long-term prediction techniques for proactive collision avoidance, and the design of situational awareness systems for autonomous passenger ferries.

14:20

Obstacle avoidance system advances using sensor and situation avoidance data

Aditya Nawab
CEO
Robosys Autonomous Unmanned Systems Ltd
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Advances in sensor technology together with developments in data gathering provide an ever-increasing improvement in situation awareness. The ability to fuse all navigational hazard data into a single point cloud forms the basis from which an obstacle avoidance system may plot a safe series of tracks.

14:40

Unmanned boats: from lab to sea

Dr Stephanie Kemna
Software engineer/project manager
Maritime Robotics AS
NORWAY
Most unmanned boats cannot yet work with high levels of autonomy. To operate in high ship traffic areas, there are many challenges to be addressed. In this talk we highlight results from research projects on collision avoidance and safe multi-robot operations. We look into how we can smartly deploy systems for surveys, discuss current capabilities and where we need more R&D effort in coming years. This presentation shows leading-edge technology development, provides perspectives on desired levels of autonomy, and considers how to introduce systems into the market with support from certification and legislation agencies.

15:00

COLREGs-based intelligent collision avoidance framework for autonomous ships

Lokukaluge Prasad Perera
Associate professor
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
NORWAY
Ship collision avoidance in a mixed environment, where future remote-controlled, autonomous and manned vessels are interacting, has been an important topic for the shipping industry. Ship collision avoidance actions are regulated by COLREGs in open sea areas and additional local navigation rules and regulations, especially in confined waters and maritime traffic lanes. The respective collision avoidance actions will be executed by humans as well as systems in future vessels. Therefore, system intelligence should be on board to overcome possible collision or near-miss situations. This presentation focuses on developing intelligent collision avoidance systems based on COLREGs for future autonomous vessels.

15:20

Panel Q&A

16:10

The challenges ahead: creating AI for ships

Dor Raviv
CTO and co-founder
Orca AI
ISRAEL
With the maritime industry increasingly turning to new technologies that claim to have the potential to solve the challenges facing ships and crews, new obstacles have arisen. Tasked with creating 'smarter navigation', the industry must first find ways to collect higher-quality data, train AI, and develop systems, computer vision, sensors and algorithms designed for open water as well as crowded waterways. Dor Raviv, CTO of Orca AI, a company using AI to prevent maritime collisions, will speak about what can be done to solve them and how the industry must go about accomplishing its goals.

16:30

Digital-twin-based autonomous systems

Dr Peter Staelens
CTO
dotOcean NV
BELGIUM
The new-generation autonomous systems have digital twins. The digital twin is a uniform fundamental building block for communities of autonomous systems and is a cloud-based access point to the autonomous system. This presentation will describe an example of such a system provided by dotOcean Automate Your Boat (AYB). The proposed architecture generates augmented reality for autonomous systems rather than for humans, upgrading the sensor network on board with superior data. The digital twins are subdivided in a Fog and Cloud component, where the Fog components handle real-time communication between the digital twin and the edge computer in the autonomous system, and the autonomous systems within the Fog network become one big transparent super-system capable of optimally using all available information in the network and being controlled worldwide. Simple example applications are multi-vessel path planning and object avoidance or swarm behavior.

16:50

Embed artificial intelligence on board ships

Ugo Vollmer
CEO
Shone
USA
Autonomous does not mean unmanned. From Silicon Valley, Shone brings a realistic approach to autonomous ships.

17:10

Panel Q&A

Wednesday 26 June

Integrated Data
09:10 - 10:30

09:10

Cyber-resilience for autonomous ships

Joseph Beel
Strategic programs manager
Cisco Systems Inc
USA
Kelly Jones
Systems engineer
Cisco Systems Inc
USA
Cloud, mobility, IoT and AI/ML are transforming how ships operate. These advancements have also increased the attack surface. Old methods of cybersecurity focusing on perimeter defense are ineffective. Cyber-resilience focuses on mission preparedness, continuity, restoration and improvement. This includes maintaining a state of preparedness against attacks to prevent/reduce compromise, continuous monitoring to capture attack activity that cannot be blocked, capturing activity to support forensics, investigation and detection, continuing essential mission functions despite attack, restoring mission functions after attack, and changing functions to reduce adverse affects. The paper will address how to prepare for, withstand and recover from attack.

09:30

Integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity for autonomous ships: 5G and beyond

Dr Marko Höyhtyä
Research team leader, autonomous systems connectivity
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
FINLAND
This talk concentrates on defining an integrated satellite-terrestrial connectivity concept for autonomous ships. Latest research in 5G and beyond is discussed, including intelligent connectivity management and the need for authenticated ship gateways due to the use of multiple technologies simultaneously. Part of the material is based on a national SEAMUS project that has studied requirements and defined a roadmap for autonomous ship connectivity. It has also contributed to the 3GPP standardization on future maritime communications systems.

09:50

Solutions and savings for autonomous ship connectivity: a multi-technology platform

Heikki Keränen
Solution manager
SATEL Oy
FINLAND
Autonomous ships require various communications channels and technologies. Varying needs depend, for example, on distance from the shore and required bandwidth. The most differentiating factor is the criticality level of the communications. How to provide savings by combining the varying communications technologies into one device? And how to intelligently allocate resources on available channels? How to ensure that the highest-priority communications are always transmitted securely? How to ensure the cybersecurity of the communications? Connectivity also includes positioning systems, so how to combine high-accuracy positioning with other communications?

10:10

Panel Q&A

Wednesday 26 June

Autonomy on Inland Waterways
11:00 - 12:40

11:00

Smart shipping on inland waterways

Ann-Sofie Pauwelyn
RIS project manager - Smart Shipping
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV
BELGIUM
De Vlaamse Waterweg NV believes that innovations related to automation and digitization can help the inland waterway sector evolve. Therefore, the company started the Smart Shipping program. In this presentation an update will be given on the activities inside the Flemish test area. First results of a study concerning the influence of smart ships on shore infrastructure and communication methods will be shared. The state of play in international regulation concerning smart shipping on inland waterways will be described, as well as the activities Flanders has initiated on an international level. Future activities and ambitions will also be presented.

11:20

The autonomous lake freighter

Thiru Vikram
CEO
Buffalo Automation
USA
The presentation will outline the technical challenges and commercial opportunities discovered by Buffalo Automation while implementing autonomy in four incremental phases on lake freighters in the Great Lakes.

11:40

Smart shipping on the Netherlands’ inland waterways

Nancy Scheijven-Westra
Director vessel traffic & water management
Rijkswaterstaat
NETHERLANDS
The Netherlands is home to Europe’s largest port and biggest inland navigation fleet, and lies at the mouth of Europe’s busiest waterway. To increase the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the inland sector, the Netherlands wants to be one of the leaders in applying innovative automated shipping technologies. In this presentation the Government of the Netherlands demonstrates how it (1) Expects its smart shipping ambitions to contribute to the competitiveness, safety and sustainability of the maritime sector; (2) Facilitates development and testing of automated shipping technologies in densely navigated waters; (3) Anticipates its role as waterway manager in the future.

12:00

Demonstration of the Hull-to-Hull project with an unmanned inland ship

Peter Slaets
Professor
KU Leuven
BELGIUM
The H2020 project GNSS Hull-to-Hull focuses on safely navigating in close proximity to other stationary or moving vessels and objects. This goal will be met by using EGNSS fused with other sensors and communication processes. The Intelligent Mobile Platforms research group at KU Leuven will use its scale model (4.8m long) of an inland cargo ship as a demonstrator of the project in inland waterways. This presentation will discuss the specific close-proximity-navigation challenges of the inland waterways, and the construction and implementation of the scale model with its custom-built actuation and advanced sensory equipment.

12:20

Panel Q&A

Wednesday 26 June

Case Studies
14:00 - 16:10

14:00

Redefining the way the world is working at sea

Richard Daltry
R&D director
L3 Technologies, Unmanned Maritime Systems
UK
This presentation will cover the disruptive changes already happening in areas of the maritime industry due to the exploitation of autonomous vessels. Deep-water search has been revolutionized by massive force multiplication using autonomous vessels. All Tier 1 navies are moving toward autonomous systems for mine countermeasure tasks. Advancements in autonomy are reducing the cost of remote inspection operations in oil and gas. L3 Technologies’ Unmanned Maritime Systems division is delivering and developing these solutions. This presentation will provide an update on recent deliveries and operations enabling these disruptive changes.

14:20

Special presentation of the Kongsberg Maritime solutions for autonomous vessels

14:40

Automation transparency: the Trondheim autonomous harbor ferry

Thomas Porathe
Professor of interaction design
NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
NORWAY
In Trondheim, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology is developing an autonomous passenger/bicycle ferry for urban canals. It will be a push-button on-demand ferry with electrical propulsion and COLREG-based anti-collision. Maneuvering tests with a half-scale model have been underway since 2017, and the full-scale hull is under construction. The Trondheim harbor canal offers many challenges with intense leisure boat traffic and kayak rental services for tourists in the summertime. A major task is to make automation transparent and communicate intentions to other mariners and passengers onboard, as well as to the remote operators in the monitoring center.

15:00

Presentation on Short Sea Autonomous Operations

15:20

Panel Q&A

Wednesday 26 June

Simulation
16:10 - 17:30

16:10

Route decision-making strategy development using Monte Carlo simulation

Dr Se Won Kim
Research engineer
Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co Ltd
KOREA
Efficient route decision-making strategy is the key component of autonomous ocean voyages. Currently, three-dimensional dynamic programming is the representative state of the art. This presentation will propose a new route strategy that shows noticeable improvements compared with the state of the art. The Monte Carlo-based route decision-making method will be introduced along with its flexible grid system of optimization. A 173,000 cbm LNG carrier is evaluated in the simulation, which proves the excellence of the proposed method. Korea's autonomous vessel research activities will also be presented.

16:30

Presentation from Dutch Joint Industry Project Autonomous Shipping

16:50

Safety assurance of collision avoidance and situational awareness systems

Andreas Brandsæter
Senior researcher
DNV GL
NORWAY
Tom Arne Pedersen
Principal researcher
DNV GL
NORWAY
Autonomous ships are expected to change water based transport of both cargo and people, and large investments are being made internationally. A key element of an autonomous ship is the autonomous navigation system including collision avoidance and situational awareness capabilities. Assurance of these systems will require product assurance using large-scale, systematic simulation studies, sophisticated test procedures, and traditional process assurance.This presentation focuses on how collision avoidance can be tested using simulators, and focus on the interface between simulator and navigation system, cooperation with manufacturer, dynamic test scenarios and automatic assessment towards COLREGs. Furthermore, it presents an overview of the ongoing development of an enhanced test and assurance framework for situational awareness for autonomous navigation. Topics include: model interpretability, unrehearsed testing, quantitative evaluation, cross validation, improved training data collection, simulation of new test data based on data permutation, and sensor redundancy for system assessment in operation.

17:20

Panel Q&A

Thursday 27 June

Legal and Liability Issues for MASS
09:10 - 10:30

09:10 - 10:30

Panel Discussion

Jonathan Goulding
Associate and mariner
HFW
UK
Eva Szewczyk
PhD researcher
Northumbria University
UK
Sean Pribyl
Senior claims executive, lawyer - charterers and traders defence claims
Gard AS
NORWAY
Bjarke Holm Hansen
Attorney
Core Advokatfirma
DENMARK
Camilla Slater
Head of legal
Shipowners Club
UK

Thursday 27 June

Innovation
11:00 - 13:15

11:00

Safety for autonomous ships: lessons learned from other domains

Dr Stig Petersen
Senior scientist
SINTEF
NORWAY
For autonomous ships, it is commonly stated that to be acceptable for commercial use, they must be at least as safe as conventional vessels in similar service. Safety can in this regard be defined as freedom from unacceptable risk of harm to humans, property or the environment. Since autonomous ships remove the human as a safety barrier, relevant safety regulations must be enforced for the control and navigation systems that will replace the onboard personnel. This presentation addresses how the maritime domain can learn from other modes of transport when it comes to safe implementation and testing of autonomous vehicles.

11:20

IConIC – the pre-emptive fault recognition system

Dr David Garrity
Chief technology officer
STS Defence
UK
Globally there is a significant drive to introduce more automation and autonomy in marine and maritime, particularly through the exploitation of recent advancements in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) to solve challenging problems. Much of the focus has been on solving automation/autonomy challenges for navigation systems, and there has been limited thought about how to approach the engineering spaces, particularly the main propulsion and auxiliary power units. This presentation showcases an AI-enabled condition monitoring system, developed over the past five years for all scales of marine diesel units, and rotating plant machinery more generally.

11:40

Monitoring and control for vessels with reduced crew or no crew

Pia Meling
Vice president
Massterly (a Kongsberg Wilhelmsen JV)
NORWAY
The two major Norwegian companies – Wilhelmsen and Kongsberg – have joined forces to lead the development of autonomous shipping globally. The main purpose of their Massterly joint venture is to develop environmentally friendly, safe and cost-efficient logistics, enabling a shift in transportation from congested roads to the sea. The first Shore Control Centre (SCC) is under construction, from which we will provide 24/7 manned monitoring and control for vessels with reduced crew or no crew. This presentation will provide an update on that progress. Massterly is currently in the process of obtaining approvals from the maritime authorities to operate fully autonomous vessels.

12:00

Required systems for proper look-out

Etsuro Shimizu
Professor
Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
JAPAN
COLREGs rule 5 (Look-out) defines the look-out as follows: 'Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper look-out by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and or the risk of collision'. This presentation discusses the required functions for the system that conducts the look-out.

12:20

One Sea to work with the whole maritime logistics chain

Päivi Haikkola
Ecosystem lead
DIMECC / One Sea
FINLAND
Jukka Merenluoto
Ecosystem lead
DIMECC
FINLAND
One Sea – Autonomous Maritime Ecosystem is a company alliance with the aim of enabling commercial autonomous maritime traffic by 2025. The Ecosystem engages in various activities to enable reaching its goal. In its third year the Ecosystem is concentrating more on the entire logistics chains, and the presentation will detail how this will be done. One Sea also participates in regulation and standardization work for MASS (Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships). The presentation will introduce the status of international regulation work and describe how One Sea aims to affect it. It will also discuss the way forward in standardization.

12:50

Panel Q&A

Thursday 27 June

Vision Technologies
14:15 - 15:30

14:15

Machine vision and sensor fusion as a step to Level 4 autonomy

Michael Gordon Johnson
CEO
Sea Machines Robotics
USA
Sea Machines will present the results of its collaboration with AP Moller-Maersk in the world's first deployment of an AI-powered situational awareness vision system on an actively trading container ship. It will present the capability of using RGB and thermal camera vision in varying environmental conditions to provide real-time visual target and traffic detection, classification and tracking using robust artificial intelligence built with large data sets and cutting-edge neural networks. The camera vision-borne targets are then fused with target information from conventional vessel instruments to create a more effective domain awareness system for crews and autonomous control systems.

14:35

Detection of small cross-section objects with 3D lidar and polarimetric imaging

Dr Jordi Riu Gras
CEO
Beamagine
SPAIN
Safe and reliable autonomous navigation needs to detect and track not only large objects like harbor structures and other vessels, but also small cross-section objects like buoys, rocks and even floating debris. This challenging capability is made possible by sensing in very high resolution and combining complementary imaging modes like 3D plus RGB or polarimetric data. The lidar provide point clouds with 0.05º angular resolution in real time, and the polarimetric camera is able to locate objects over the water with outstanding reliability. A patented hardware approach fuses both bits of information without parallax error at all distances up to hundreds of meters.

14:55

3D lidar for autonomous vessel navigation in close quarters

Dieter Gabriel
Manager EMEA
Velodyne Europe GmbH
GERMANY
The presentation will provide an overview of how lidar technology is developing from the current state of technology into a mass-produced product suitable for marine applications and enabling vessels to go autonomous. It will include functional principles of lidar with respect to autonomous vessels, strengths and weaknesses of different environmental sensors, lidar technology evolution – from sensor in research to industrial mass product, and use cases for 3D multi-channel lidar sensors for autonomous vessels and marine applications.

15:15

Panel Q&A

Please note: this conference program may be subject to change

ELECTRIC & HYBRID MARINE TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL

SUBSCRIBE TO THE MAGAZINE FOR FREE!